Eastern White Pine: Pinaceae Pinus strobus
Needles: 3-5 inches soft, blue-green needles.
Height: Maximum height over 100 feet.
Girth: 25-35 feet in diameter.
Light: Prefers full sun.
Growth: Fast growing (more than 18 in. annually slowing with age) and easy to transplant. Makes a very nice landscape speciman.
Norway Spruce: Pinaceae Picea abies
Needles: 1/2 to 1 inch long stiff, dark green needles with sharp ends.
Height: 40-60′ but can reach 100′.
Girth: 25-30 feet in diameter.
Light: Partial Shade to full sun.
Growth: Fastest growing of the spruce, growth is more than 18 in. annually. Easy to transplant. As the tree grows large the secondary branches begin to droop downward giving it a graceful appearance.
Blue Spruce: Pinaceae Picea pungens Engelm
Needles: 3/4-1 inch stiff, silvery blue needles with sharp ends.
Girth: 20-30 feet in diameter.
Light: Full Sun
Growth: Slow growing less than 12 in. annually. Easy to transplant. As the tree grows large the branches tend to open up.
Canaan Fir: Pinaceae Abies balsamea var. phanerolepis
Needles: 3/4-1 1/2 inch blue to blue-green flattened needles. Very similar to Fraser and Balsam Fir.
Girth: 20-25 feet in diameter.
Light: Full Sun to partial shade
Growth: Slow growing less than 12 in. annually. This variety of fir is the most adaptable of the species to non-indigenous soil environments.
Austrian Pine: Pinaceae Pinus nigra
Needles: 4-6 inches stiff, flexible and sharp pointed dark green needles.
Height: 50′-60′ can reach up to 100′
Girth: 20-35 feet in diameter.
Light: Full Sun
Growth: 12-18 inches annually.